There are numerous ways of catching fish, all of them depending on the fishing techniques employed. Fishing techniques include hand fishing, spear fishing, trapping, netting, and angling. Commercial, artisanal and recreational fishers all employ different fishing techniques, though they at times employ the same. The use of low-tech, traditional fishing methods is common with artisanal fishers, especially in the third-world countries, with recreational fishers fond of the angling technique. Commercial fishers on the other hand, mostly use the netting method. All in all, the general principles of how to catch a fish are all the same. This article’s purpose is to equip you with the knowledge of how to catch these Pisces.
1. Choosing the Right Spot
One of the most important decisions that will either make or break your fishing expedition is the choice of fishing location. If you go to where fish is, it is almost likely that your fishing activities will bear fruits. On the contrary, if you spot of choice doesn’t have fish. In addition to choosing a fish hub, also ensure that it is a location you will enjoy catching fish from. Such fish hubs are found in lakes, ponds, rives and oceans among others. Always try to get tips from local fishermen.
As a beginner, the easiest place to catch fish is in local municipal parks that have fish stocked in them. You should thus look for one such park that’s available for public fishing and be able to throw your first hook in the waters. Secluded spots around levees or ponds out of town also offer good bets. If such is your choice, ensure you are not fishing in a private property or in prohibited areas. For those dwelling on the coasts, you can take up the ocean fishing.
In the water body of your choice, always look for spots where shallow waters meet the deep waters as these are the most prime areas where fish like hunting from. Also, know the right time of the day for fishing a particular type of fish
In all these instances, ensure that you have secured the most appropriate fishing license for that particular fishing activity and location.
2. Getting the Gear
In addition to the fishing license, you will also need to acquire the most appropriate fishing apparatus. One of such is the fishing rod & reel for your specific needs and experience. Others are an appropriate fishing line and hook for your specific needs. Lastly, ensure that you have chosen the right bait before you can set out to fish
3. Catching the Fish
a) Setting the Trap
- Attach the Sinkers:
Upon tying the hook, weight and bobbers attachment follows. The weights are attached at different intervals with the swiftness of the waters determining the distances of choice. If your fishing is to be done in a swift stream or river, attach your sinkers at about 12-inches above your bait. This keeps the bait a few inches above the water body’s floor-the area where fish are known to prefer the most when they are hunting. As a beginner, you may want to use a bigger and more visible sinker for better results. When you see your bobber starting to jerk as it disappears below the water surface, it is obvious that the hook has hooked something. You can pull it out and assess your catch.
- Baiting the Hook:
After attaching the sinkers, bait your hook. It is always prudent that you work your bait of preference on the hook, as many times as possible. You don’t want the fish to easily remove the bait without it being trapped. However, ensure that if it’s live bait such as the worm, it is not so worked up to the extent that it can’t wriggle.
b) Cast Your Line & Quietly Wait
Releasing of the line will highly depend on the type of reel one is using. For beginners, the closed push-button spinner type of reel will work best for you as it is very straight forward.
It is normal that beginners are never patient on their first fishing expeditions. If your bait isn’t a live one, you can start reeling slowly as you lightly jerk the system to give an impression that your bait is alive. This is a preserve of the very experienced anglers. If you are a beginner, just sit and wait. As you wait, turn off your radio as you also keep the chatter to the lowest possible rumbles so as not to startle fish or even anger other fishermen who are also doing their job around you.
If a loose line tightens, or you can see the bobber sinking or by the ringing of a bell attached at the end of your rod, you can tell that fish is biting the bait. With a slow movement of your road, confirm that there is no slack in the line before you can try to hook the fish.
c) Hooking the Fish
Once you are certain that a fish is biting the bait, it is time to set the hook. This is done by giving the fishing rod a quick and firm jerk up and backward. Jerking the fishing rod consequently jerks the fishing line with the hook automatically corresponding to hook the fish.
Pull your catch to load it on to your boat or basket. For a beginner, it may be disappointing at fast because you may not be able to distinguish a bumping fish on the bait from the water currents. Only practice will teach you to make the distinction.
d) Pulling the Fish
Unless you are catching small fish, don’t pull your catch using the reel. It’s prudent you use your arm for pulling the fish toward you after which you can reel back the slack line. Always ensure that the line is tight as you pull it back as loose lines loose more fish than anything else. Don’t give that fighting fish the opportunity to throw the hook out of its mouth.
All the modern reels feature adjustable drags. However, the nylon lines drag also adjustable by just hand pulling. Whenever you feel the nylon stretching, the drag should be in a position to begin to work. Try to use the fishing rod to steering your fish to the open water areas where you can easily complete your expedition.
e) Net the Fish
Even the biggest of fish gets tired with time after dragging on the fishing line. When it becomes tired and has been reeled in, bring the fish out of the water and catch it in your fishing net. Professionals can catch the fish with their hands as they have the experience required to avoid the sharp spines of the fish as well as the hook that may by now be stuck out through the mouth of the fish.
f) Keeping or Releasing
When you now have your trophy in your hands, it is a high time you decide whether you will keep it or release it. Ensure that it isn’t a protected fish species and if it is one, remove the hook and release it. An identification guide can help you identify the fish, with checking out with DNR also being an option. If it’s a fish for food, with the use of your eyes or even hands, ascertain whether it will be enough for your family or not. If it’s enough, unhook and go home, if not, go through the fishing process again until you catch what’s enough for your family.
g) Removing the Hook
This is done after you have decided whether to keep or release the fish. Gently back the hook out in such a way that it comes out the very way that it went in. this can be done using needle noosed pliers or with the use of some specially designed tools for the same purpose.
Fishing can be done as an economic activity, for food or even as a pastime. When you go fishing you need to have the basics of how to catch a fish lest you end up chasing after the winds. Some of the important aspects you need to know before setting out to fish include: where to catch the fish, they type of fish available in the specific locations, the right fishing accessories needed, how to prepare your fishing accessories, how to execute and how to finish out your fishing expeditions. In addition, have a clear understanding of any fishing legal requirement and abide with them before, during and after fishing.
- Secure a fishing license as well as suitable fishing gear for the specific fishing type and fish you are doing
- Tie the hook on the line, attach the sinkers and bait the hook
- Follow this by casting your line and patiently waiting for fish to catch your hooked bait
- Hook the fish and drag it
- Put your catch in a net after which the hook is removed